Clinical Fiducial Trial Information Sheet:
Evaluation of a liquid fiducial marker for the creation of a planning target volume in dogs with post-resection soft tissue sarcomas
Study Summary: PetCure Oncology is currently recruiting patients for a prospective study evaluating the effectiveness of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the treatment of incompletely resected, grade 2 soft tissue sarcoma of the skin and subcutaneous tissues in dogs.
How to Enroll: Fill out the enrollment form below or download our printable enrollment form.
Additional Information: Interested in learning more about the trial? Email our Clinical Trials Coordinator, Brandy Banks, at ClinicalTrials@PetCureOncology.com.
PetCure Oncology is interested in better defining the role of SRS in the treatment of canine patients with incompletely resected soft tissue sarcomas. Currently, there are no controlled, prospective studies in the veterinary literature that are designed to truly define the risks and benefits of this kind of radiation therapy for incompletely resected sarcomas. To facilitate case accrual in an appropriate manner, PetCure Oncology will:
- Provide an SRS video consult free of charge
- Treat the patient for the same costs associated with conventionally fractionated radiation therapy (CFRT) protocols
- Provide the 6- and 18-month follow-up CT free of charge
- Absorb the cost of having an autopsy performed for patients that die after study enrollment
Any canine patient with a post-resection soft tissue sarcoma is potentially eligible for study entry provided they meet all of the following requirements:
- Histologically is confirmed as a grade 2 soft tissue sarcoma. This includes a diagnosis of:
- Peripheral nerve sheath tumor
- Spindle cell sarcoma
- All biopsy slides used to confirm the diagnosis were reviewed by a single pathologist to determine eligibility based on grade (cancer stage)
- Simple (linear) resection scar <15cm in length. Large, complex scars following reconstructive surgery are exclusionary
- Complete reference lab bloodwork is available and less than four weeks old
- Diagnostic CT scan of the thorax, or three-view metastatic check, has been performed. Evidence of metastatic disease is exclusionary for this study, but alternative treatment paths may be available
- Significant co-morbidities that would impact the patient’s ability to tolerate/survive multiple anesthetic events is exclusionary
- Caregiver has signed informed consent confirming that they understand this is an ongoing clinical study to better define the role of SRS in the treatment of incompletely resected soft tissue sarcomas in dogs
- Caregiver agrees to follow the prescribed follow-up procedure, including repeat CT scans at six and 18 months post-treatment
- Caregiver consents to a potential autopsy for any patient that dies following enrollment in the study
Traditional dogma in radiation therapy has held that stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) fractionation (radiation exposure treatment) is not possible unless there is gross residual disease to target. In cases where patients have had their tumor resected down to microscopic residual disease, the current recommendation would be to initiate a course of CFRT.
CFRT is delivered in 15-21 fractions on a M-F or M-W-F basis, depending on the protocol being used. For veterinary radiation therapy (RT) patients, each one of these fractions of radiation is accompanied by an anesthetic event, leading many families to forgo additional radiation after surgery. A large percentage of these patients will develop recurrent disease, typically within 9-18 months.
SRS has been used to treat resection sites in human patients with brain metastases. This strategy has resulted in improved local control with minimal radiation-induced morbidity in these patients, and supports the use of SRS to treat marginally resected disease, even embedded in a critical normal structure such as brain.2-5
Hypofractionated protocols have been used for marginally resected tumors with a good expectation of local control.6,7 Stereotactically delivered radiation should, in theory, improve this local control rate by delivering a dose of radiation intended to cure in 1-3 consecutive day fractions. Integral to this is the ability to define a planning target volume and to deliver a dose of radiation to that target volume that meets the fractionation and target dose metrics associated with stereotactic radiosurgery.
PetXmark is a liquid fiducial marker that can be injected along a surgical incision or painted into a resection cavity for later imaging.1 It is a stable and non-toxic compound, does not migrate after injection, and is intended to provide at least two months of stable, reproducible tissue marking.8,9 Prior to the launch of this study, PetCure Oncology conducted a pilot study of 20 canine patients whose treatment plans were created using the PetXmark liquid fiducial marker. The pilot study did not result in any acute toxicity, local failures, or geographic misses.
This is a prospective single arm clinical study. All patients are treated on protocol with a single 20Gy fraction. Clinical target volume (CTV) is delineated using PetXmark injected at 1cm intervals along the resection scar. The PTV will incorporate a 1cm margin applied to the PetXmark-defined CTV. A 3mm skin sparing margin will be applied within the planning structure set, and the skin metrics will be within the limits established by the PetCure Oncology Scientific Advisory Board (DMax <26Gy, 10cc <23Gy). A Case Report Form (CRF) will be completed for each patient enrolled in the study. The CRF will be completed by the treating radiation oncologist, and will become part of the permanent medical record. A completed copy of the CRF will be provided to Nanovi for their records.
PetCure Oncology™ is currently recruiting patients for a prospective study evaluating the effectiveness of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the treatment of incompletely resected, grade 2 soft tissue sarcoma of the skin and subcutaneous tissues in dogs. Specifically, the study is intended to evaluate the utility of PetXMark, a liquid fiducial marker that incorporates sucrose acetate isobutyrate, X-SAIB (Iodinated sucrose acetate isobutyrate) and EtOH in the creation of a planning target volume.1
Prior to the launch of this study, PetCure Oncology conducted a pilot study of 20 canine patients whose treatment plans were created using the PetXMark liquid fiducial marker. The pilot study did not result in any acute toxicity, local failures, or geographic misses.
This study is designed to research how veterinary patients with incompletely resected skin and subcutaneous tumors will respond to SRS. We believe that the treatment will be safe and effective, and this study is designed to answer those questions. We appreciate your willingness to participate in the study and commit to retreat your pet for free in the event of:
- Early Local Failure – Defined as recurrence within the treatment field within two years following SRS
- Geographic Miss – Defined as regrowth at the periphery of the treatment field
If you have questions about enrollment criteria or would like to refer a patient for evaluation/inclusion in the study, contact:
Brandy Banks, RT(R)(T)
Clinical Trials Coordinator, PetCure Oncology
If you have questions about the study design or the protocol for treatment, contact:
Dr. Neal Mauldin
Dipl. ACVIM (Internal Medicine and Oncology)
Dipl. ACVR (Radiation Oncology)
Director, PetCure Scientific Advisory Board
- Jølck RI, Binderup T, Hansen AE, et al. Injectable Colloidal Gold in a Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate Gelating Matrix with Potential Use in Radiation Therapy. 2014:1680-1687. doi:10.1002/adhm.201300668.
- Survival was Significantly Better with Surgical/Medical/Radiation Co-interventions in a Single-Institution Practice Audit of Frameless Stereotactic Radiosurgery.
Taggar A, MacKenzie J, Li H, Lau H, Lim G, Nordal R, Hudson A, Khan R, Spencer D, Voroney JP.
Cureus. 2016 May 17;8(5):e612. doi: 10.7759/cureus.612.
- Postoperative Stereotactic Radiosurgery Using 5-Gy × 5 Sessions in the Management of Brain Metastases.
Abuodeh Y, Ahmed KA, Naghavi AO, Venkat PS, Sarangkasiri S, Johnstone PA, Etame AB, Yu HH.
World Neurosurg. 2016 Jun;90:58-65. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.02.007.
- Postoperative Stereotactic Radiosurgery vs Observation for Completely Resected Brain Metastases: Results of a Prospective Randomized Study.
Rao G, Ahmed S, Hess K, Mahajan A.
Neurosurgery. 2016 Aug;63 Suppl 1:184. doi: 10.1227/01.neu.0000489784.83922.17.
- Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiotherapy to Large Resection Cavity of Metastatic Brain Tumors.
Lima LC, Sharim J, Levin-Epstein R, Tenn S, Teles AR, Kaprealian T, Pouratian N.
World Neurosurg. 2017 Jan;97:571-579. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.10.076.
- Hypofractionated radiation therapy for the treatment of microscopic canine soft tissue sarcoma.
Kung MB, Poirier VJ, Dennis MM, Vail DM, Straw RC.
Vet Comp Oncol. 2014 Nov 13. doi: 10.1111/vco.12121. [Epub ahead of print]
- Intentional marginal excision of canine limb soft tissue sarcomas followed by radiotherapy.
Demetriou JL, Brearley MJ, Constantino-Casas F, Addington C, Dobson J.
J Small Anim Pract. 2012 Mar;53(3):174-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2011.01186.x.
- Acknowledgement: Data obtained from clinical investigation no. 310-01 ”Proof of concept study
Evaluating safety and performance of a gel marker (PetXmark™) used for image guidance in deep inspiration breath- hold radiotherapy (DIBH IGRT) in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)”. Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Principle Investigator: Prof. Lena Specht, MD.
- Acknowledgement: Data obtained from clinical investigation no. 310-02 ” Proof of concept study
Evaluating safety and performance of a gel marker (PetXmark™) used for image guided radiotherapy (IGRT) of esophageal cancer”. Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. Principle Investigator: Prof. Lena Specht, MD.